Category Archives: News/Op-Ed

News: Indian Anti-Satellite Missile Test Fails Horribly

by Nikolas Molina

On March 27th, 2019, Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India, announced that the country had successfully launched an Anti-Satellite missile in Low Earth Orbit (LEO).


India was the fourth country to use an Anti-Satellite weapon, according to TNW.

Thankfully, this test on the satellite was not aimed for anyone and also did not violate any international laws.

According to NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine, the test created 60 pieces of debris in space, that are mostly greater than 10 centimeters.

“That is a terrible, terrible thing, to create an event that sends debris in an apogee that goes above the International Space Station,” stated Bridenstine to NBC.

The debris from this test can cause danger to the ISS (International Space Station), the fellow humans living on it and all the experiments taken place in space.

“We are charged with commercializing Low Earth Orbit; we are charged with enabling more activities in space than we’ve ever seen before for the purpose of benefiting the human condition. All of those are placed at risk when these kind of events happen and when one country does it. Then other countries feel like they have to do it as well,” continued Bridenstine.

Bridenstine said that NASA has identified around 400 pieces of orbital debris from the test, including the 60 pieces greater than 10 centimeters in diameter that the agency can track and 24 that have traveled through the space station’s orbital height.

The 24 pieces that have traveled through the height of the ISS has risen the risk of the ISS of being hit by debris by 44 percent.

Bridenstine confirmed that the astronauts will be safe and if anything happens they can move the ISS to avoid damage.

TNW reported the response of Tapan Misra, senior advisor to the ISRO chairman, saying Tuesday that the experiment was not an explosion, but “more like a bullet,” and that the resulting debris will burn out in six months because it was only 300 kilometers in space.

Daniel Porras, the space security fellow at the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, talks about a Chinese demonstration in 2007, where much of the debris from that test is still in space.

“The Chinese demonstration was carried out at 800 kilometers and was widely condemned because of the resulting space debris, which will likely stay in orbit for decades or longer. India’s demonstration was conducted at 300 kilometers, so the debris will likely be out of orbit in months. For this reason, the reaction has been much less,” reported TNW.

India’s test has annoyed a lot of agencies and governments. Although there is no consequences of this test, the view of India being a peaceful country while trying to make scientific advances has taken a blow.


News: 2020 Presidential Election Voter Guide

by Lucas Agatep

As the 2020 Presidential elections come up multiple people have thrown in their hat to contend with current President Donald Trump.


Recently at the beginning of the year many Democratic politicians have announced that they will by running for President with only one other Republican candidate, so far, trying for the position.

For the Democrats there are people like:

Cory Booker 

The current member of the U.S. Senate from New Jersey.

Has focused his campaign on racial inequality and discrimination.

Before he became a member of the U.S. Senate Booker was the 38th Mayor of Newmark, New Jersey from 2006 to 2013 and a member of the Newmarket Municipal Council from the Central Ward from 1998 to 2002.

Pete Buttigieg 

As a openly gay man, an Afghanistan War veteran and current Democratic Mayor of South Bend, Indiana, Buttigieg is trying to be the “next generation” President. 

His current political message is unclear to say the least but what he has expressed for his campaign is that a new generation should take charge of America.

Julian Castro 

Was the 16th U.S. Secretary of Housing and Urban Development under the Obama administration from 2014 to 2017. 

On the campaign trail he has put his focus on education, Medicare and affordable housing.

Prior to running for President, Castro was the the Mayor of San Antonio from 2009 to 2014 and a member of the San Antonio City Council from the 7th district from 2001 till 2005.

John Delaney  

Delaney was a former Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from 2013-2019 who represented Maryland 6th Congressional District. Was the first person to decide to run for President in 2020 back in 2017.

His campaign has been mostly to address issues related to globalization, automation and technology. 

Prior to being in the House of Representatives Delaney was the cofounder and CEO of CapitalSource, co founder and CEO of Health Care Financial Partners, and as well Blueprint Maryland which is a nonprofit organization made to create jobs in Maryland’s private sector.

Tulsi Gabbard 

Is another current Democratic member in the United States House of Representatives from Hawaii. 

On the campaign trail Gabbard highlights her experiences in the military during the Iraq War and expresses her view on the current foreign policy of the US.

Before becoming a member of the United States House of Representatives Gabbard served in the U.S. Army since 2003 and has been deployed twice to the Middle East. She was also a former member of Hawaii’s House of Representatives from 2002 to 2004 and a member of Honolulu City Council from 2011 to 2012.

Kirsten Gillibrand 

A current Democratic U.S. Senate from New York.  

Her campaign targets issues that are both social and economic, sexual assault in the military, Medicare for all and universal paid family leave. 

Before working in the Senate Gillibrand was apart of the US House of Representatives from New York’s 20th district in 2007 to 2009.

Kamala Harris 

The current Democratic member of the U.S. Senate from California.

 She has focused her campaign on economic issues, debt-free college, tax cuts and Medicare.

Before she was a part of the Senate Harris was the 32nd Attorney General of California from 2011 till 2017 and 27th District Attorney of San Francisco from 2004 to 2011.

Amy Klobuchar 

A Democratic member in the U.S. Senate from Minnesota.

 Klobuchar has concentrated her campaign on automatic voter registration, reduced money in politics and re-implementing environmental policies terminated by the Trump administration.

Before becoming a member of the U.S. Senate, Klobuchar was Court Attorney of Heppenin County in Minneapolis, Minnesota from 1999 to 2007. She was also a partner of Dorsey and Whitney, and Gray Plant Mooty which are two Minneapolis law firms before becoming Court Attorney.

Bernie Sanders 

Coming back for a second attempt at getting the Presidency Bernie Sanders, who is a current Independent member in the U.S. Senate from Vermont and a caucuses with the Democratic Party is trying to challenge Trump again for the position.

Sanders is using the same message that he used back for the 2016 Presidential election which is mostly about implementing socialist programs and fighting racial inequality.

Sanders has the longest history in politics compared to the rest of the candidates. While in college he was the protest organizer for the Congress of Racial Equality and Student Nonviolent Coordination Committee during the civil rights movement. Years after college he became the 37th Mayor of Burlington from 1981 to 1989 due to being re-elected three times.  Then became a member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Vermont’s at-large district from 1991 to 2007 only later to be elected to the U.S. Senate in 2006 taking office in 2007. Finally in 2013 Sanders became the Chair of the Senate Veterans’ Affair Committee till 2015.

Elizabeth Warren 

Is another current member of the U.S. Senate from Massachusetts. Warren has put economic issues as her main message in her campaign. Issues including taxation on the wealthy, student debt relief, the Green New Deal and Medicare for all.

Prior to her becoming a member of the Senate, Warren was the Chair of the Congressional Oversight Panel from 2008 to 2010 and Special Advisor for the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau from 2010 till 2011.

Marianne Williamson 

Who is a author, entrepreneur and activist who has written thirteen books having four of them became New York Times best sellers. 

Williamson has concentrated her campaign on support for the Green New Deal, slavery reparations up to $100 billion and Medicare for all.

She is also the founder of an organization called Project Food Angel, which is a volunteer program delivering food to homebound people with severe illness and disabilities. As well the cofounder of The Peace Alliance, a nonprofit organization that support in peace projects.

Andrew Yang 

An entrepreneur and founder of a nonprofit organization Venture for America. A organization that helps graduates and new professionals startup their own companies.

Yang’s centerpiece of his campaign is what he refers to as “The Freedom Dividend” which is a universal basic income (UBI) of $1,000 per-month for every adult aged American.

Prior to running for President Yang himself as founder or executive work on different startups and early stage growth companies from 2000 to 2009. He has also written two books “Smart People Should Build Things” in 2014 and “The War on Normal People” in 2018

John Hickenlooper 

Till recently was Democratic Governor of Colorado from January 11, 2011 until this year on January 8. 

For Hickenlooper’s campaign, it mainly targets on implementing environmental protection laws, Medicare and to expand more on gun control.

Before he became Governor of Colorado, Hickenlooper was the 43rd Mayor of Denver from 2003 till 2012 and Chair of the National Governors Association from 2014 to 2015.

Jay Inslee

Is the current Democratic Governor of Washington. 

Inslee made climate change the foundation for his campaign. His method on doing so is by funding into more clean energy sources, developing industries based on this message and producing electric vehicles.

Before becoming Governor, Inslee was a member of Washington’s House of Representatives from the 14th legislative district from 1989 to 1993, a member of the US House of Representatives from Washington’s 4th district from 1993 to 1995 and then only later to be a member of US House of Representatives from Washington’s 1st district from 1999 to 2012.

The Two Republican Candidates are:

President Donald Trump 

Current President Donald Trump is obviously running for his second term in office. Over the past year he has had multiple rallies talking about his policies and economic changes under his administration, as well promoting his future plan to run again for his second term as President. 

He is still going with his America First platform for his campaign but is potentially changing his slogan from “Make America Great Again” to “Keep America Great” which he has hinted at in some of his speeches.

Bill Weld 

In recent years Weld left the Republican Party to join the Libertarian Party in 2016 as running mate for former Governor of New Mexico Gary Johnson. Then to only return to the Republican Party for the 2020 election.

For why he is willing to challenge another Republican, Weld has criticisms on Donald Trump’s decisions on economic policies and also his personality viewing Trump as unfit and immature for the position.

Before all this Weld was the 68th Governor of Massachusetts from 1991 to 1997, as well the US Assistant Attorney General for the Criminal Division from 1986 to 1988, and US Attorney for the District of Massachusetts from 1981 to 1986.

With the year only beginning there is still potential for other people to enter in the race for the position of President. While unconfirmed they have expressed consideration on entering in. People like:

Stacey Abrams (Democrat)

Was a member of the US House of Representatives 

Michael Bennet (Democrat)

Currently the US Senator from Colorado 

Joe Biden (Democrat)

Was the Vice President of The US under the Obama Administration 

Steve Bullock (Democrat)

The current 24th Governor of Montana 

Andrew Gillum (Democrat)

Was the 126th Mayor of Tallahassee 

John Kerry (Democrat)

68th US Secretary of States

News: The Venezuelan Crisis

by Joaquin Medrano

“Ni Jesucristo resucitado podrá conmigo,” (Not even Jesus Christ resurrected can beat me) said Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro.


Since 1999, Venezuela has been in a humanitarian crisis as a socialist regime took over government under ex-president Hugo Chavez. Hugo Chavez set up the grounds for an economic inflation in Venezuela, making prices for necessary things, like toilet paper or even water, unobtainable for citizens.  

Hugo Chavez died in 2013, from cancer complications, but before dying, he set up one of the worst governments ever seen in world history, leaving a new dictatorship under Nicolas Maduro’s rule.

Maduro has claimed to be the greatest leader Venezuela has ever seen, he has confronted against so-called “imperial governments” such as the USA, and verbally attack its leaders, such as ex-president Barack Obama and current president, Donald Trump.

Maduro has stuck the Venezuelan government in a reign of terror, Maduro is not only corrupted, but he and his government are keeping the economic inflation and violation to freedom of speech in Venezuela, things that started with Hugo Chavez.

“Multiple countries from around have seen the need that the people have in Venezuela, they have heard a cry from help, they are informed about the corruption that one person can cause, and they are here to help those in need,” stated BBC News.

The situation really took a pivotal turn this year, as opposing forces lead by Juan Guaido are supported by many governments, some even recognizing Guaido as the legitimate president of Venezuela, instead of Maduro.

Nicolas Maduro really doesn’t like the idea of countries supporting Guaido, and this was seen on Saturday, February 23rd.

Back in the Colombia/Venezuela border, there were trucks filled with humanitarian aid for Venezuelans that were stopped by military forces sent there by Maduro. This angered the people and countries like the United States who sent that help specifically for Venezuelan citizens.

Maduro decided to burn that aid, many resources helpful for those in need were burned just for his own satisfaction and people were not happy. Unfortunately, the protests became quickly violent, and as of March 1st, there’s been 285 people were injured and 37 hospitalized on the Colombian side of the border, according to Colombia’s foreign minister, and an unverified number of deaths.

Countries like the United States, Colombia, Canada, and Brazil were involved in the aid. This not only angered the government, but it also called for an act to stop Maduro.

These countries’ support for Guaido continues to increase and ask for his recognition to take place as soon as possible.

This act from Maduro is not only putting political and economic alliances in danger, but also many lives and many resources, if there’s anything we could do.

“[There is] a need to keep praying for the Venezuelan people and support all efforts that help save the population from further suffering,” Pope Francis asks for, according to Vatican News.

There are also many organizations like Alimenta Venezuela, Comparte Por Una Vida, and SunRisas that bring help to those in need.



Life of a Brave: Depression In Youth At An All-Time High

by Joshua Lucero

Depression and anxiety are common issues that have infected the youth, especially in recent history.


Many believe that depression is simply a choice and young teens overreact to their problems. Depression is a disease that can be caused from a variety of problems. Young teens have transformed from a group of children to mature young adults in this day and age.

Studies show that mature teens care and worry about adult problems such as financial issues, helping siblings, future careers, with this often leading to depression. A popular coping method of depression includes the taking of drugs and alcohol.

Through the misguidance of substance abuse, many young teens are trapped in their minds and use a system of holding in their pain, which leads to at-risk teens for suicide.

Depression will affect 15-20 percent of teens before adulthood, according to Erika’s Lighthouse. This illness has been around for the longest time. It has been recorded throughout history and is known as one of the oldest and most effective illnesses that has plagued everyday people’s lives since the beginning of time. This sickness is something that shouldn’t be taken lightly.

The numbers of at-risk teens have increased dramatically within these years of progressive technology and the high standards of society. According to, suicides show heartbreaking statistics of the troubled youth. Every hour and a half a teen takes their own, unique life.

Suicide is the third-leading death of the youth from the ages of 15 to 24 and between 10-15 percent of people will have symptoms of depression at any given time. Depression is not just a youth infected problem, but about 20 percent of the youth will have experienced the coldness of depression before adulthood and may take it with them to adulthood.

Depression is a widely spread epidemic that has integrated into society but others are more prone to this feeling than others. According to and adolescent suicides, female teens are at risk to depression twice as much as men. Abused and neglected teens who have experienced trauma or disruptions at home or in their lifetime are especially at risk. This rate of depression has had a 20 to 50 percent rate on teens.

“Depression is the single largest risk factor to suicide, with 90-98 percent of all people who die from suicide having a diagnosable mental illness, the most common being depression,” states Erika’s Lighthouse.

Depression has more than one cause, and there are no preventions, but rather acceptance. Depression can not be regulated and can not be minimized and seduced by pills. Depression is a feeling that lurks over a human being for an immeasurable amount of time. It can not be solved by any type of antidepressant.

“The FDA reported that an extensive analysis of clinical trials showed that antidepressants may cause or worsen suicidal thinking or behavior in a small number of children and teen,” says the Mayo Clinic.

Teens who use alcohol and antidepressants have a greater risk of falling into this void, which can than lead to suicide. When taking these antidepressants, there are some benefits but there will always be pros and cons according to the Mayo Clinic.

How can you help those who have this life-threatening feeling? First, you must understand what this weight of despair feels like. Depression can be spotted through mood swings, underachievement, and social problems according to Erika’s Lighthouse, and countless other behavior changes.

Depression is a wave of uncertainty that can cause a chain reaction of emotions to shut off and make a person only have a focal point on sadness and despair. This feeling is not just sadness but an amplified emotion that seems unbearable to contain or move past.

Many teens experience more than what has been described by statistics and percentages.  Teenagers all around have stories that are untold and kept in.

“I have nowhere to turn too. I try to contain myself and be happy for my peers but deep down I am not feeling well. I feel more than depressed and helpless, but also mad,” explained Bosco junior Justin Valiente. 

Valiente continues to describe it as a feeling that triggers more than just sadness, he feels this rage and with this he feels his inner demons feel feed.

“It could be the fact that I was in a new environment with new people and also am going through a lot of growth in my teenage years,” explained Valiente with his depression starting around freshman year.

He continues to explain that the roots of his problems were made from actions that he allowed himself to make during this state. He looks back at it as learning point. He is able to get help from his parents and teachers. These relationships are a major key for him to move past this illness and move on. Rather than being forced to be taken to the doctors or pressured to speak on this issue, he was able to establish connections that he feels that are a welcoming environment.

An anonymous student at Bosco who suffers from depression explained that depression is, “A mental illness that causes a person to think or do things that no human should ever do because God gave us life and he saved us. When you are depressed you feel lost, not just sad, but a combination of anger, sadness, and a feeling of not being yourself.”

Like others, this young man has experienced this reaction of oneself when looking into the mirror and not seeing the image of yourself but a lost soul. An image of someone that the human psyche makes you believe is worthless, pointless, and who is a disappointment to themselves.

“After I was told I was a disappointment in life, I felt I was not loved,” explained this student.

This set off a reaction in his mind that would make him feel anxious, and he believed he was a disappointment. In response to these harsh words he began to cut himself. Depression is more than a psychological imbalance in the brain, as it causes problems that seem hopeless.

Once a person, like this youth, reaches this point there is a need to get rid of this feeling no matter what, which lead him to cutting. The pain takes over the dark feeling that your mind is subdue in and for a moment you don’t feel anything but the pain. Even though he was buried in this dark time he was able to surpass this with the help of his friends.

Depression has and always been a problem in the youth and continues to stay with teens in their adulthood. There is no simple cure to this illness but rather acceptance.

“An illness that eats you from the inside and you can try to avoid it but it will always come back and keep you in a dark stage,” explains another anonymous Bosco student.

It takes time for someone to conclude that they are ‘okay’ from this stage. There is no easy way for someone to be move past depression, but with time there are ways and possibilities for an individual to surpass this state.

At-risk teens are not different, as they should not be bashed for a feeling that is life threatening but rather given a helping hand from peers and adults who have a chance to change their lives.

“Since such a large number of people experience mental illness, why does it have unnecessary stigma surrounding mental health and the treatments associated with it?” questioned the anonymous student.


News/Op-Ed: Tornado In Alabama The Deadliest In Recent US History

by Enrique Gutierrez

Recently, Lee County, Alabama suffered one of the deadliest tornadoes the United States has seen since 2013.


On March 3rd, Lee County, Alabama was hit with their first major tornado of the year. The people of Lee County had no idea that they were going to be affected by a tornado. The community had a five-minute warning and were caught by surprise when two tornadoes destroyed their homes. The tornadoes lasted at least an hour, destroying homes and ruining the lives of many.

According to NBC News, the tornadoes killed at least 23 people and dozens of people were injured. The town’s nearby hospital, East Alabama Medical Center in Opelika, was said to be treating about 40 patients and sending many others affected by the tornadoes to nearby hospitals. The Lee County storm had winds of 170 miles per hour, stretching 20 miles long. With that speed, nothing and no one will make it past a tornado.

This has been the deadliest US tornado since 2013, and the deadliest tornado in Alabama since 2011.

Many Americans around the country have already started collected funds to donate towards the victims who were affected by the tornadoes. One organization in particular called, “The Poarch Band of Creek Indians of Poarch, Alabama” donated a total of $184,000 to the families who are in need of shelter, food, and money to cover the funerals of those lost in the tragedy.

President Donald Trump shared his remarks and delivered a message to those who were affected by the tornadoes in Alabama.

President Trump described the tragedy as a historic devastation. President Trump spoke to the governor of Alabama and he directed FEMA to provide assistance to those of Lee County and those affected by the tornadoes.

The people of Alabama were left with great tragedy and despair. Many families lost their loved ones and their homes to the tornadoes of Lee County. America mourns the lives lost in Alabama due to unfortunate natural disasters.


Bosco: The Emergence of Artificial Energy In Teens

by Sele Pemasa

Creatine is a substance mostly found in muscle cells and is constantly taken as a supplement. Its primary role is to store phosphocreatine which is stored in the muscles and is used for heavy lifting and intense exercise.

Creatine also helps gain muscles by improving cell signaling which aids muscle repair cp-creatine_br50_image_largeand new muscle growth, lower myostatin levels, and increase cell hydration. The substance gains muscle growth and can apply to untrained individuals and elite athletes.

Before a workout, many athletes love to drink Bang as a pre-workout because it gives you that extra burst of energy when you’re feeling tired and need something to wake you up. It gives you that push when you’re about to give out on that last rep.


However, there are some extreme downsides to using and taking creatine and drinking bang’s, especially for high school athletes.

“Most of the time, the things it says on it aren’t exactly true. Most of the supplements have steroids in it which weakens the ligaments,” said head athletic trainer Ms. Melody Mohebbi.

The use of Creatine has recently become more popular than ever before. With the high school sports scene at an extremely competitive state, athletes continue to try and get a leg up on one another.

“A lot more people are using Creatine now compared to back in the day,” said Ms. Mohebbi.

Ms. Mohebbi made it clear to me that she was against the use of Creatine.

“I prefer that athletes stick to the natural way of gaining muscle rather than taking Creatine supplements,” said assistant trainer Ms. Alexis.

Creatine is popular nowadays, but isn’t the safest supplement to use and treat our bodies with. 

Bang is an energy drink that is labeled on the market as a fat loss aid and energy stimulator for users who want to get a bit of energy to increase their workout intensity and to also lower their body fat percentage.

Bang also contains caffeine, it originally had 357 mg of caffeine per can but then later on was reduced to 300 mg.

Athletes from many different sports including football, baseball, and basketball love to drink a bang – even before a game.

“I drink it before every game I pitch, it keeps me awake and helps keep high intensity,” said varsity baseball player David Hays.

Hays also mentioned that it works very well and has great taste as well.

“When I workout I just never get tired, it pumps me up,” said Hays.

The use of Creatine supplements and the emergence of the Bang are dangerous yet effective for athletes trying to improve their craft.  

News: The El Chapo Conviction Trial

by Matthew Ruiz

El Chapo – otherwise known as “Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera” – is a Mexican drug lord who is the world’s most notorious drug lord since Pablo Escobar’s empire was run down.


El Chapo was born on April 4th, 1957 and is currently 61 years of age. He has thirteen children and has been married to Emma Coronel Aispuro since 2007.

Chapo – as of right now – “has been captured three times.” His second escape from federal watch was back on January 19th, 2001.

“With help from bribed guards – one identified as Francisco Cambrios Riviera – they opened El Chapo’s door,” according to The New York Times.

His last escape, which went viral on social media – as even rap artist 2 Chainz made a song titled “El Chapo Jr” about it – is easily his most famous.

“On July 11th, 2015, Chapo escaped through tunnels under Mexico’s top security prison with help from his wife –  Emma Coronel Aispuro,” stated Mexico News Daily.

Chapo went into trial for transporting drugs to the US. He has been in trial for the past three months in New York, being exposed for his inner sprawl cartel. This trial has ended the rain of the kingpin known as El Chapo.

“As Judge Brian M. Cogan read the jury’s charge sheet in open court, ten straight guilty verdicts on all ten counts of the indictment. Mr. Guzmán sat listening to a translator, looking stunned,” reported The NY Times.

The jury’s decision took a week to come up with the official verdict. Chapo is now facing life in prison at his sentence hearing scheduled for June 25th, were he will be sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole.

Authorities are now getting El Chapo’s sons involved as well.

“A week after the conclusion of the three-month trial of ‘El Chapo,’ two of his sons were indicted yesterday on drug conspiracy charges by the United States Justice Department,” stated CNN.

Joaquín Guzmán López, 34, and Ovidio Guzmán López, 28, are being accused for importing cocaine, methamphetamine, and weed to the United States. Chapo’s sons have been found guilty and are said to have been importing these drugs since 2008.

El Chapo’s lawyers are now fighting for a retrial, stating that there was alleged jury misconduct.

“Attorney Eduardo Balarezo, in a letter Friday, informed US District Judge Brian Cogan of the defense team’s intention to file a motion for a new trial. He cited a Vice News report this week that quoted an unnamed juror who said several panel members followed media accounts despite the judge’s instructions to ‘stay away’ from media coverage,” stated CNN. 

Ultimately, the evidence is against Chapo and is clear, so it is extremely unlikely he will be freed of his rich and alarming past actions.


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